The Dick and Carey model

The Dick and Carey model which has been published in several versions, contains about 10 elements:

    1. Identification of the instructional goal
    2. Instructional analysis of the goal
    3. Analysis of entry behaviors (what learners already know) and learner characteristics (subordinate skills)
    4. Identification of performance objectives
    5. Develop assessment instruments, e.g. criterion-referenced test items
    6. Develop an instructional strategy.
    7. Preparation (development or selection) of instructional materials. This includes for instance a sequence of intermediary objectives to reach, learning activitities for each.
    8. Design and conduct of formative evaluation of instruction. This means that observations are used to improve the design or parts of it.
    9. Revise instruction
    10. Design and conduct summative evaluation